Upon written authorization of both the husband and wife, the IBD will render a legally binding arbitration decision regarding such matters.

Several solutions for pre-marital agreements that will safeguard your daughter’s future have been proposed during the past few decades. You should consult your Rabbi or other trusted halakhic authority to find a prenuptial agreement suitable for you. They are extremely effective in limiting problems of gett refusal.

No one should be abused in a marriage. Unfortunately,  studies have shown that it is rare that an abuser will change. The IBD opines (in accordance with decisions of renown authorities such as Rabbi Moshe Feinstein) that if there is a substantial fault unknown to the other party at the onset  of the marriage, under certain conditions the marriage can be voided, since there exists no “meeting of the minds” regarding the marriage, no mutual expectations. Severe psychological impairment, homosexuality, impotence, a criminal record and domestic violence are the more common grounds for voiding a marriage retroactively. So while each case has to be decided on its own merits (e.g. seriousness of defect and how quickly the marriage was abandoned) in many cases the woman can be freed without a gett.

Should a wedding ceremony be witnessed  by two invalid witnesses designated by the groom or if they themselves are not Torah observant, under certain conditions the marriage may be voided (bittul kiddushin).

You  might contact a Rabbi to convince your fiance of the advisability of this pre-nup. This discussion should take place well before the wedding so decisions are not taken under pressure. 

If the marriage is deemed to be irreparable,you and your spouse have been living apart for some time and there is no hope of reconciliation, the IBD and some of the other Batei Din will summon a spouse. Should the spouse fail to appear for a hearing, the matter of the gett may be addressed in his/her absence. 

Many Batei Din will tie together custody and financial matters with the gett  but  the IBD’s view is that financial and custodial matters are not pertinent to  whether one is obligated to give a gett.

The IBD and some Batei Din will proceed with addressing the matter of the gett independent of the civil divorce. This method is highly recommended as acrimony created by the negotiations and disputes over financial and/or custodial matters increases the probability of gett refusal. 

In accordance with the majority of authorities, the IBD affirms  that in cases where there are grounds for obligating a gett, no conditions can be imposed. 

The IBD procedure involves a four-step approach similar to the procedures of  the rabbinical courts under Israel’s Chief Rabbinate: 

  1. First, there is a hearing to determine whether  grounds for divorce exist that can warrant obligation of  the gett. (chiyuv gett)
  2. In the event that the husband or wife refuses to give or accept a gett, the Beit Din may choose to direct the community to religiously, socially and economically isolate the recalcitrant party until he/she respectively gives/receives the gett.  These include  refraining from doing business with the gett recalcitrant spouse, not allowing him into the synagogue and other forms of social ostracism. (Har’chakot of Rabbenu Tam)
  3. All other end of marriage issues ought to be submitted to the Beit Din. Said matters may be litigated in civil court on the condition that written permission has been given by a Beit Din or rabbinic authority to litigate in civil court. Alternatively, these matters may be negotiated and resolved in a mediation proceeding. 
  4. Should the husband still fail to give a gett or a wife refuses to receive a gett,  the Beit Din will deliberate whether there are grounds to void the marriage and free her without a gett or allow him to remarry with the written approval of 100 rabbis (heter meah rabbanim).